Teach Your Dog Obedience and Commands
Here are the basics commands dogs should be taught for dog obedience
Walking on leash
How to teach.
1. Be consistent.
Use the same cue for the same command each time. If you use “come” one week, “come here” the next, and “come here, girl” after that, you will have one confused dog.
2. Start simple and slowly make it harder.
You want to go step-by-step and give your dog lots of practice to get it right. Start with an easy command in a place with no distractions. When your dog is responding consistently, add what trainers call the three D’s: distance, duration, and distractions. Stand a step away from your dog, then two; ask for a one-second stay, then a two-second stay; add a bouncing ball, some treats scattered about.
Wait until your dog has mastered the current challenge before adding a new one. If she fluffs it, just take away one of the challenges and try again, going more slowly this time.
3. Don’t repeat the command.
It’s easy to do, but it teaches your dog that she doesn’t need to respond promptly to the first command.
4. Use food treats as rewards.
There are lots of methods for training, but try using food treats, both as a lure to get your dog where you want her to go and as a reward for obeying. If your dog isn’t that interested in food, try offering verbal praise and no treat, a favourite toy, or a physical reward such as a good behind-the-ears scratch or tummy rub.
5. Time it right.
The praise and reward need to come immediately after the dog does what you want if she’s going to make the connection.
6. Make rewards sporadic, then phase out.
Dogs are motivated by unpredictable rewards. Once your dog gets the idea of what you’re asking her to do, dish out treats only for the best responses–the quickest sit. Then vary the type, amount, and frequency of the reward.
7. Keep it short and sweet.
Training will be most effective if it’s fun and you stop before either of you gets bored. Keep the mood upbeat, not serious, and make the sessions short. Five or ten minutes is plenty to start with, or you can do many mini-training sessions throughout the day, especially if you have a puppy–like kids, they have shorter attention spans.
8. Mix up people and places.
If you want your dog to obey your child, your partner, etc. and to be as bidable in the kitchen as she is in the yard, practice having different people give commands in different areas.
9. Keep your cool.
Yelling, hitting, or jerking your dog around by a leash won’t teach her how to sit or come on request. It will teach her that you’re scary and unpredictable, and that training’s no fun. If you feel your fuse burning short, just end the session and try again later. Fair, calm, consistent training is the best way to get your dog to obey and respect you. Dog obedience is not only for the good of the dog.
10. Once your dog knows a few commands, practice “Nothing in life is free.”
Always ask your dog to obey a command before you give her a treat, a toy, a meal, a game or walk, a tummy rub, or anything she wants. If she ignores the command, put down the food bowl, the leash, or whatever she’s hoping for, and try again a minute or two later. This helps reinforce your role as the leader of the pack.
11. Keep practicing.
Don’t expect that once your dog has learned something, she’s learned it for life. She can lose her new skills without regular practice.
Bottom line: Basic commands not only teach helpful skills, they reinforce your role as your dog’s leader. Using treats to lure your dog into the correct position or place, and then to reward her for obeying, is one of the easiest and most dog-friendly methods.
Dog obedience benefits everyone.