global warming

Paris Global Warming Agreement to Enter into Force on 4 November

New York, 5 October— The Paris Agreement to address global warming will come into force on 4 November 2016.

“This is a momentous occasion,” said UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon as the latest instruments of ratification were accepted in deposit. “What once seemed unthinkable, is now unstoppable. Strong international support for the Paris Agreement entering into force is a testament to the urgency for action, and reflects the consensus of governments that robust global cooperation, grounded in national action, is essential to meet the climate challenge.”

He cautioned that the work of implementing the agreement still lay ahead. “Now we must move from words to deeds and put Paris into action. We need all hands on deck – every part of society must be mobilized to reduce emissions and help communities adapt to inevitable global warming impacts.”

The Agreement provides that it shall enter into force 30 days after 55 countries, representing 55% of global emissions, have deposited their instruments of ratification, acceptance or accession with the Sec-Gen. From today, 73 countries and the European Union have joined the Agreement, exceeding the 55 percent threshold for emissions which contributes to global warming.

The requirements for entry into force were satisfied today when Slovakia, Portugal, Bolivia, Canada, France, Germany, Hungary, Malta, Nepal, Austria as well as the European Union, deposited their instruments of ratification with the Sec-Gen.
These countries were the latest to join the Agreement, following New Zealand and India, and the 31 countries which joined at a special event at the UN on 21 September during the General Assembly high-level week. In early September, the world’s two largest emitters, China and the United States, joined the Agreement, providing the impetus for other countries to quickly complete their home ratification or approval processes.

The Agreement will now enter into force in time for the Marrakech Climate Conference in Morocco in November, where countries will convene the first Meeting of the Parties to the Agreement. Countries that have not yet joined may still attend as observers.

Patricia Espinosa, Executive Secretary of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, said, “Above all, entry into force bodes well for the urgent, accelerated implementation of global warming action that is now needed to realize a better, more secure world and to support also the realization of the Sustainable Development Goals.”

“It also brings a renewed urgency to the many issues governments are advancing to ensure full implementation of the Agreement,” she added. “This includes development of a rule book to operationalize the agreement and how international cooperation and much bigger flows of finance can speed up and scale up national climate action plans.” she added.

The Paris Agreement’s entry into force was extremely swift, particularly for an agreement that required a large number of ratifications and two specific thresholds.

The Paris Agreement, adopted on 12 December 2015 in Paris, marks a watershed moment in global efforts to address climate change. Adopted by 196 parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change  last December in Paris, the Paris Agreement’s central aim is to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change by keeping the global temperature rise this century well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit it to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

The Agreement calls on countries to combat global warming and to accelerate and intensify the actions and investments needed for a sustainable low-carbon future, and to adapt to the increasing impacts of climate change. Additionally, the Agreement aims to strengthen the ability of countries to deal with the impacts of climate change. It calls for scaled up financial flows, a new technology framework and an enhanced capacity-building framework to support action by developing countries and the most vulnerable countries in line with their own national objectives. The Agreement also provides for enhanced transparency of action and support through a more robust transparency framework and a stock taking mechanism to ramp up ambition over time.

Additionally, many countries have announced they are committed to joining the agreement this year. For a country that joins the Agreement after it enters into force, the Agreement will become binding 30 days after it deposits its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession with the Secretary-General.

191 countries have signed the Agreement, signifying their intention to join.

dog toys

Dog Toys, Tips for Choosing the Best for Your Dog

Dog Toys, read about how to choose them.

One of the great things about owning a dog is how much they play, and choosing the best dog toys is an important part of their life. Whether you’re playing a game of fetch or watching him roll around to entertain himself, toys are an important part of your dog’s well-being.

Although they do not mature the way you do, you should still keep your dog’s age in mind. A three-week-old puppy still has baby teeth, so toys with softer rubber or plush, snugly fabrics would be a good thing for him. From three to nine months, the puppy will be teething, so avoid hard rubber and stock up! He’ll be chewing on anything he can get his paws on, so a good variety of chewy dog toys will keep him distracted from your personal posessions.
Once teething phase goes, a dog will have a strong enough jaw for stronger rubber toys and boundless energy to play with toys. By age seven or so, a senior dog won’t have the same jaw and tooth strength as a young dog, but it’s still important to give him some softer toys to chew on and play with toys that encourage him to keep him active, like easy-to-toss balls and sticks. There are plenty of options specifically made for dogs of certain ages, all of which match your dog’s age with his size and his personal chewing habits.

Size and Texture
Even in adult dogs, the Yorkshire Terrier is unlikely to chew as harshly as a German Shepherd, so they’ll often need toys that are considered more forgiving clenched in a smaller jaw. Similarly, a toy that is too soft can break into pieces and swallowed causing blockages. If you notice dog toys starting to show signs of damage, replace it.
The right size toy is important as well. Something too small can be swallowed just as easily. A general rule is to make sure anything small enough to fit behind your dog’s rear molars is a choking hazard.

There are rubber balls, plush balls, tennis balls, foam balls, squeaker balls, and more. Each bounce in different ways. Some float and glow in the dark—tempting options if you have a pool or nighttime routine! This classic option is a great way to keep your dog active, too. When you find the right-sized ball for your dog, make sure it’s a durable-enough material for him to not destroy it.

Tug Toys
Most dogs enjoy a tug-of-war. And although some may warn against this game to discourage aggression, there’s nothing to worry about if your pup is properly trained. Perhaps the most important thing to remember with tug toys is to make sure your dog doesn’t tear this into pieces. Tug toys are typically plush and made of linen, leather, fire hose, or rope, so it’s necessary to replace them as soon as you see damage. If you want him to let go of the toy, you need to train him to respond to commands such as “drop” or “release.” Also, while a dog’s jaw is very strong, it is never a good idea to pull the toy vertically and get his feet off of the ground. This can cause jaw, neck and spine issues.

Plush toys are a favorite of many dogs, but unfortunately many are unsafe. As easy as they are to be ripped apart and ingested, though, plush toys can still be fun if supervised. Before your pup hits his teething phase, plush toys are great options to give him to snuggle up with at night. If your dog loves them, you shouldn’t write them off right away. Just make sure your pup knows which plush toys are his, and not a family member’s stuffed animal. Choosing the best dog toys will ensure you both safe, fun playtime. Toys, much like treats, can be used as a training device. If you notice your dog gravitating to a particular toy, toss it to him as a reward when he performs a command you’ve requested. Training him to understand which toys are his is also important. This will help guard you against any destructive behavior that might ensue from him chewing on things, furniture or children’s toys. Remember that your choice should depend on the age, size, and intensity of his chewing habits. Also, keep in mind that as your puppy ages, you’ll go from puppy toys to adult toys and then even to senior toys.


The Highest Cliffs in England are in Devon

Hangman cliffs, the highest cliffs in England consisting of Great Hangman and Little Hangman are situated near Combe Martin on the north coast of Devon.

Great Hangman is 1,043 feet (318 m) high with a cliff face of 800 feet (244 m). It is the highest sea cliff in England and the highest point on the South West Coast Path. Little Hangman is 716 feet (218 m) high and overlooks the village of Combe Martin. Both cliffs lie on the South West Coast Path and are in an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. The cliffs are made from a considerable thickness of sandstone known as the Hangman Grits (or more formally the Hangman Sandstone Formation) laid down during the Devonian Period. They were subsequently folded during the Variscan Orogeny and the strata is seen locally to dip southwards at between 25 and 35 degrees. There is an abandoned working of iron ore below Great Hangman at Blackstone Point.

No early forms of the place-name Hangman here are recorded: its first mention, as Hangman Hill, was in 1792. However, there is a fanciful derivation of the name, based on a local legend. The legend says that a sheep rustler was walking over the hill carrying a stolen sheep over his shoulder. He stopped to rest on a rock and the struggling sheep caused the cord tied around its legs to tighten and grip round the man’s neck, strangling him. In all likelihood the name ‘Hangman’ is a mixture of Celtic and Germanic languages. ‘Mynedd’ in Celt means hill and ‘hang’ is the Germanic word for slope. There are other examples of hills being called ‘man’ from Celtic origin e.g. Old Man of Hoy or East/West Man in Purbeck. The literal translation for Hangman would be sloping hill.

In fiction, Great Hangman is part of the setting of Meet the Tiger, the first in a long series of novels by Leslie Charteris featuring “The Saint”. Simon Templar stays on Great Hangman in an abandoned World War I pillbox so he can find out about a Chicago gangster staying in Baycombe aka Combe Martin.

bear grills

Bear Grills and the Endeavour Live Arena Tour Soon

Bear Grills  is getting ready for a live arena show tour, here’s what he has to say about it.
“We’re now less than one month away from the opening night of my first UK Arena tour, and I just wanted to give you an update on all things Endeavour!

I’ve spent the last week in rehearsals at Pinewood Studios, just outside London, training and rehearsing on the iconic 007 Sound Stage. So many amazing films have been made here over the years, including most recently Star Wars: Episode VIII, and Everest (which I had actually been to watch being made 2 years ago, as Jake Gyllenhaal was in it who was also one of our former Running Wild guests.)

It’s definitely a pretty cool feeling training in such a huge place with so much history – not to mention the large 007 logo outside welcoming us every day! I especially liked how the stage was dirty and full of sawdust from so many carpenters building sets over the years. It all felt very Rocky-like which helped inspire us as a team as we hung off ropes and wires and practised back flips over and over again!

Bear Grills says more.

I’ve spent a lot of the time running through the script with the team and getting into all the physicality of the aerial stunts. There are so many elements to think about at the same time: moves, stunts, words, cues, you name it, but that’s the challenge and it is coming – steadily.

I’ve had my fair share of pain and blisters swinging around in the harness, often spending more time in the air or climbing up the wall than I have with my feet on the ground. But now that I’ve got the basics covered I can’t wait to take it up a level, continuing working with the visual effects team and seeing the video mapping and graphics on the huge wall for the first time in rehearsals. Part of this is that I have to wear these small sensors stuck onto my body so that the multiple projectors can map (and mess with!) the imagery around where I am – sounds weird but you will get it when you see it!
Anyway, there we go for an update- make sure you check back in next week to get another update on all things Endeavour. In the meantime, check out    for all the latest news and to get your tickets! They are selling out fast now!

See Bear Grills Live.

laughing dog

Win Dog Food. Year’s Supply of Laughing Dog Food & Extras

Win Dog Food, a year’s supply of Laughing Dog food.

Laughing Dog has been carefully and slowly oven-baking its dry dog food since 1936. Making all of its completes, treats and mixer meals at its family-run farm bakery in Lincolnshire. Laughing Dog really believes that baking better protects the natural goodness of its farm-grown ingredients and is easier on digestion. Thats not all besides making its dry food, Laughing Dog also produces wet completes including casseroles and hotpots fresh from its farm kitchen.
The lucky winner of this brilliant competition will take home for their pet a year’s supply of Laughing Dog food, a ‘Dog Happy’ hamper filled with lots of treats and goodies, a handy shopping bag and a handmade ceramic dog food bowl.

To be in with the chance of winning, complete the form by 29 September, 2016.

The prize in full:

• One year’s supply of Laughing Dog food (either five 10kg bags of Laughing Dog Gloriously Grain Free Baked Complete or five 12kg bags of Wonderfully Wheat Free Baked Complete)

• One “Dog Happy” hamper including a selection of dry and wet Laughing Dog food

• A hand-iced and personalised yogurt coated biscuit bone
• A Laughing Dog jute bag

• A handmade, ceramic Laughing Dog bowl