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Lyme Disease, It Affects Pets, Other Animals and Humans

What is Lyme Disease?
Lyme disease is an infection caused by the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi, sometimes known as Lyme Borreliosis. Animals and birds carry the it in their bloodstream and ticks may pick this up whilst feeding on an infected animal and pass it on to others and humans during the next meal.

Where is it found?
Lyme disease can be found throughout the UK and is on the increase. Avril Lavigne has spoken about her struggle with Lyme disease after being struck by the illness, and her long wait for diagnosis.

How is it transmitted?
Ticks resemble small spiders and thrive where there is enough humidity from vegetation to prevent them from drying out. It occurs in woodland, pastures, moorlands parks and gardens.
Ticks need animals to feed on such as rodents, ground-feeding birds and larger animals such as sheep and deer. Although sheep and deer may carry ticks, research has shown that they have some natural immunity to it. Small mammals such as mice, voles, hedgehogs and ground-feeding birds are the main reservoir for Lyme disease. Ticks are most active between March and October.
When in need of a meal they will climb a stalk of vegetation and wait, with hooked front legs extended, for a passing host. They will then walk on the host to find a suitable spot and pierce the skin with barned mouthparts, making them difficult to remove. Readers may be familiar with ticks on pets – these are the larger adult form; the stage that attaches to humans is the nymph – about the size of a pinhead before it swells with blood. Typical places are behind the knee and in the groin; most adults are bitten below the waist, small children above the waist.

It is important to check for ticks and remove them correctly with a tick removal tool. Do not use petroleum jelly, burning or attempt to remove with fingernails as this may stress the tick and increase the risk of infection. Check your whole body, including the scalp of small children.

How is it treated?
Treatment is with antibiotics and the sooner the better, the greater the chance of a good recovery.

dog leash

Dog Leash and Collar, What Type Should I Choose

Simple Dog Leash and Collar

If you don’t have problems on a walk, this can be a great tool. It allows you to keep your dog safely by your side and out of trouble. Recommended for easygoing, dogs with no obedience problems.Walk with your dog by your side or behind you. This is important to establishing your position in the pack.

Slip collar
For dogs with issues when walking, the training lead can be a great tool for correcting misbehaviors. If your dog is easily distracted by squirrels, other dogs, or just a strong gust of wind, the collar allows for quick corrections to get your dog back on track.
Give a quick, firm pull sideways on the leash. If you pull straight back, your dog will pull against you. Instead, by giving a quick tug to the side, you knock him off balance and get his attention. Always keep your dog’s safety in mind when giving corrections!

Pack Leader Collar
The Pack Leader Collar helps keep the slip collar at the top of the neck, which is the most sensitive part. If you’ve tried a slip collar but had trouble, this one may be the solution. I would recommend it for dogs that have trouble on the walk, with pulling. If you place the collar on the lower part of the neck, you are actually helping your dog to pull you around. If you put it at the top, your dog will be more sensitive to your movements and react to what you are trying to communicate. Keep your dog’s head up.

The harness can be a great item if you want your dog to pull you. For example, if you want your dog to pull you around while you ride your bike or use rollerblades.
This is also a safe option for dogs with pushed-in faces that restrict breathing, such as pugs, dogs with trachea or throat problems, such as Pomeranians, and dogs with elongated, overly slender necks, such as Greyhounds, may have to avoid certain collars, such as slip collars.

No matter what collar you use, pay attention to your energy. The leash is a form of communication. Without a word, you are telling your dog where to go, what speed to walk, and when to stop. Take note of your body language. Stand up tall with your head up and your shoulders back. Walk like a pack leader! This energy will flow through the leash and be communicated to your dog.

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Grooming Horses, Watch the Video For How To Do It

Grooming a Horse Video

1. Grooming gets your hands on your horse.
A good daily groom doesn’t have to take an hour. If you do it daily, your average time expenditure should actually be minimal. But during this daily routine you have an opportunity to get your hands on every inch of your horse, and what better way to quickly assess your horse’s health?

2. Grooming acts as preventive medicine.
A good grooming session increases blood flow to the skin’s surface, massages large muscle groups, and daily hoof picking keeps the feet clean and helps prevent common hoof issues such as thrush, a bacterial disease of the sole. Horses out in the wild don’t have this luxury, but they have each other, and mutual grooming takes the place of brushes and combs.

3. Grooming increases the human-animal bond.
True, there are some horses out there that don’t like to be groomed. But the majority does tend to enjoy it and this is a great opportunity to bond with your riding companion. Engaging your horse in an activity where you are not requiring him to actually perform any work is a release from the demands we push on our riding mounts. This is your chance to give back and let your horse relax.

4. Grooming can be more than a brush in hand.
Sometimes, if you don’t have time to ride, a grooming session can substitute. Practicing some ground exercises such as lateral neck flexions or picking up hooves and doing some leg extensions are great equine yoga moves to help with flexibility and balance

5. Grooming is excellent exercise — for you.
So, this is a purely selfish reason for encouraging people to take the time to groom, but how many of you have worked up a sweat just brushing your horse?

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RSPCA – How and When Did This Organisation Start

The RSPCA a short history of its founding.

Founded in 1824

Our beginnings were in a London coffee shop in 1824. The people present knew they were creating the world’s first animal welfare charity, but they couldn’t have guessed the size and shape that the charity would become today.
T the start we were the SPCA – Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. Royal patronage followed in 1837 and Queen Victoria gave her permission to add the royal R in 1840, making us the RSPCA as we are still known today.

When we were founded, our aim was working animals, such as ‘pit ponies’, who were worked down the coal mines. But we’ve changed with the times.
During the First and Second World Wars we worked to help the millions of animals enlisted to serve with British, Commonwealth and Allied forces. Our work with pets that we’re best known for today, only developed with the trend to keep them.

We’ve always been influential in forming and improving animal welfare law. In 1822, two years before we were founded, ‘Martin’s Act’ was passed. It was the first animal welfare law and it forbade ‘the cruel and improper treatment of cattle’. Thirteen years on, in 1835, and ‘Pease’s Act’ consolidated this law. The prohibition of cruelty was extended to dogs and other domestic animals, bear-baiting & cock-fighting was forbidden, and it insisted on better standards for the nations slaughter houses. Other successes along the way have included laws for lab animals, the abolition of fur farming in the UK, the ban of fox hunting with dogs and the animal welfare act. Today we are still changing the law.
The greatest shift across the times has been in attitude. In the UK we’re known as ‘a nation of animal lovers’ but it wasn’t always that way. When we were founded it was a challenge to get the British public to recognise animals as sentient beings – and not just commodities for food, transport or sport. It’s inspiring to think how much more of a difference we can make. With your support and our expertise, so much more can be achieved!

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Sighthounds, Training Your Young Greyhound or Lurcher Dog

Sighthounds – understanding your dog.

Sighthounds are notoriously independent and will look for any chance to pursue an interesting scent or moving animal.

Because of this, hounds are often perceived as stubborn and impossible to train. The real truth is that hounds just have different motivations than their non-hound peers. When you’re working with a hound, it’s important to understand his innate desires and to incorporate those into his training. There are two distinct subgroups within the hound group: the scent hound and the sight hound (although some exhibit both tendencies). As a group, hounds have an elevated desire to pursue prey, but scent hounds and sight hounds vary in significant ways and each presents distinct training challengers.

A scent hound primarily tracks by using his nose. They are built for endurance rather than for short bursts of speed; he can track using scent even when his prey is out of sight. Certain scent hounds will exhibit deep, booming vocalizations. Scent hounds will often tree or corner prey, and use their big voices to alert a handler to the animal’s whereabouts. Many scent hounds have independent personalities, the result of an inborn tendency to be self-sufficient when working at a distance from their handler.

Scent hounds present some common training challenges. The scent hound is easily distracted, especially by smells, which can make outdoor training difficult.  Some scent hounds are very vocal and may bark and bay for long periods of time, which can cause problems with the neighbours. Scent hounds are also notorious for running after scents and covering great distances without stopping, which makes it almost impossible to let them off leash without extensive training.

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